When was the first time, you came across any song that belonged to a genre of Indian music?
Was it an old film song? A Keertan that your mother or grandmother sang at home?
Have you seen someone practicing Indian classical music and wondered why they begin their practice with the musical notes?
Every day, music students begin their singing practice by singing one syllable at a time, and as a layman, it would be tough to identify what these are.
These notes, that sound like syllables individually are collectively termed Swaras. They are the most fundamental part of Indian music.
You may ask why these are important to know right in the beginning, but these are subtly, integral parts of Indian music.
Together they form Sargam - A tune or a rhythm consisting of Swaras arranged in a specific format.
Just like how we have alphabets for languages, we have Swaras for music.
It is also important to remember that every Swara is positioned according to its pitch.
The 7 notes of music Sa, Re, Ga, Ma, Pa, Dha, and Ni are frequently used to symbolise the musical notes, known as Swaras, in traditional Indian music.
These usually are in ascending order of Sa - Re/Ri - Ga - Ma - Pa - Dha/Da - Ni - Sa
And in descending, reverse order of Sa - Ni- Dha/Da - Pa - Ma - Ga - Re/Ri - Sa
However, these Swaras are usually sung in their acronym form. Their full forms are as follows:
Those were the seven musical notes in Indian music, explained in great detail, and if you wish to learn more, explore ipassio’s Online Singing Courses that are available for both, Hindustani Classical Music, as well as Carnatic Music. Sign up for our lessons that are taught OnliVe (Online + Live), exclusively, on a 1-on-1 basis. Click here to know more.
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