A Beginner's Guide to Varnams

First Name
Aishwarya Vidhya
Last Name
Course Summary

Students undertaking this course will experience a beautiful selection of varnams throughout a range of different ragas. This will help the student to gain a greater understanding of some of the main ragas, as varnams play a very significant role in Carnatic Music. Varnams are usually performed by Carnatic musicians to open concerts as a warm-up or a center main piece within the concert. It is also used as a vocal warm-up by vocalists to help develop voice culture and maintain both pitch and rhythm effectively.

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Course Duration
24 Weeks
Number of Students per section
Course Level
Instruction Language
Taught On

per week per student

1 week =
1 class =

Educator Profile

Educator Profile

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First Name
Aishwarya Vidhya
Last Name
From: India
Study Details
B.Tech, Biotechnology

Course Details

Believed to have been composed in the 18th century by composer Melattur Veerabhadrayya, varnams are a significantly important part of Carnatic music and are a beautiful introduction to raga. Learning how to effectively and correctly harness the two types of varnams is an essential skill for vocalists. Varnams are known to be necessary for the process of developing the correct voice culture as well as maintaining both the pitch and rhythm. Of the two types of varnams, the Tana Varnam, is of particular importance in creating and aiding voice culture.

Typically, varnams are made up of pallavi, anupallavi and a charanam which is then followed by Swaras, which are built into the composition by the composer. Learning this skill helps a vocalist to approach the notes of a raga, as well as the specific emphasis placed on these notes, due to the demonstration and practice of each element within the varnam. Varnams are especially effective when sung in three different speeds and a very useful exercise in laya.

Learning varnams are an essential part of the path toward a student's further learning of kritis and keertanams.

About Aishwarya Vidhya Raghunath: Aishwarya Vidhya Raghunath is an emerging proponent of the Veena Dhanammal Bani of Carnatic classical music. Her family introduced her to the world of music at the young age of three and she performed on stage for the first time just 10 years later. Since then, she has been awarded the Government of India Scholarship (Ministry of Culture, 2008-2010) and has been rated an A-graded artist of the All India Radio and Doordarshan. Aishwarya has performed at countless venues nationally and internationally for a multitude of functions and assemblies. Not only a musician, Aishwarya is also a biotech engineer having served as an executive at Biocon before committing to a full-time musical career. Today, she is as an instructor on ipassio, passing on the tradition of Carnatic music through passionately constructed lessons provided to students across the globe.


The ipassio Edge

Students enrolling for this course on ipassio can be sure that they receive individual attention from the teacher, as the class strength is limited to 1 or 2 students. It also gives teachers the opportunity, to gauge their students progress in depth and make changes whenever and wherever required, to ensure the student gets the maximum out of this course. Since this course is detailed, students get the advantage of learning intricate details about this art form. The limited strength of the class also ensures that there is a strong bond between the students and their teacher clearing out any inhibitions that the student might have. The sustained guidance available from the teacher ensures that the student does not deviate from set goals or targets. Learning from a revered, experienced exponent of this art form, through the long duration of this course, keeps the student inspired and motivated to achieve more.


This course requires a basic understanding of Carnatic Music and the student should have completed the learning of basics – Sarali varisais, Janta varisais, Geetham, basic Swarajati.

Weekly Schedule

These sections are for individual students.

Click on Enrol corresponding to the Section that matches your schedule.
If none of the above timings work for you, just sign up for a free session and we'll work out the timings. Sign up for a Free Session
Sun 11:30 PM - 12:30 AM America/New_York
Mon 11:30 PM - 12:30 AM America/New_York
2 Seats
Wed 06:30 AM - 07:30 AM America/New_York
Thu 06:30 AM - 07:30 AM America/New_York
2 Seats
Sat 07:00 AM - 08:00 AM America/New_York
Sun 07:00 AM - 08:00 AM America/New_York
2 Seats
+91-97400-50326 for any questions.


How much time should a student enrolling for this course practice everyday?
Students should practice a minimum of 30 minutes every day. If they can devote more time to practice, they will learn better and faster.
What if a student is unable to attend an upcoming class?
The student is required to inform the teacher about his absence from a particular session, two days prior to the class. In such a case, the teacher will reschedule the class and conduct the rescheduled class on or before the end (i.e. Saturday) of the ensuing week or such other time as may be mutually decided between the teacher and the student. In case the student misses to give two days prior notice about his absence to the teacher, then the decision to conduct another class for that student is completely based on teacher’s discretion.
What if the teacher wishes to reschedule a class?
In case the teacher is unavailable for the scheduled class, he/she will inform the students two days prior to the class. The teacher will conduct the rescheduled class on or before the end (i.e. Saturday) of the ensuing week or such other time as may be mutually decided between the teacher and the student.
How long will the teacher take to revert to a query raised after class hours?
he teacher will try to revert back to queries raised after class hours within a 24 hour period.

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